Many people die from chronic diseases around the world every year. These diseases, for which there is no definitive treatment, affect people’s quality of life and can lead to death in future stages. threatens his life. The cause of these diseases, which pose a risk to a large part of society, is in general; Genetics, unhealthy eating, smoking and alcohol consumption. It is not easy to fight these diseases, which manifest themselves as body resistance decreases and develops, especially at a later age. So what are the chronic diseases that threaten the lives of many people around the world? What does chronic illness mean?
Hundreds of thousands of people worldwide die from chronic diseases every year. This health problem also creates a disadvantage for other problems that the person is facing.
Corona virus It has also been found that it can be fatal to the elderly and people with chronic illnesses.
Therefore, Turkey has banned curfew for people with chronic diseases, people over 65 years of age make a decision
But what do chronic diseases mean? As a chronic word it means “long time”
Chronic diseases contain various risk factors. Complete treatment is not possible for chronic diseases. However, treatments are used to prevent patient discomfort. What are the chronic diseases?
These types of diseases can recur even though they may be recovering from time to time. On the other hand, these long-lasting diseases affect the quality of life.
1. The best known among chronic diseases: asthma
Asthma is a respiratory disease in which the respiratory tract becomes extremely vulnerable due to persistent inflammation and narrows from time to time due to some factors. There are many types of asthma. However, chronic asthma significantly lowers a person’s standard of living.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an obstructive pulmonary disease with poor airflow. This disease, the symptoms of which have worsened over time, is one of the life-threatening diseases. Among the symptoms of the disease that are often associated with smoking; Shortness of breath, cough and expectoration. It is known that most people with bronchitis, which are chronic diseases, also suffer from COPD.
Diabetes, known in the popular language of diabetes, insulin hormone that balances blood sugar levels; chronic metabolic disorder due to inability to be used in the body despite its deficiency and / or its secretion. The number of diabetes patients in Turkey and in the world quite a bit. As diabetes progresses, it can lead to vision loss or various illnesses.
High blood pressure (hypertension), which is one of the chronic diseases, is one of the diseases that seriously endanger the health of people and society around the world. This disease is caused by the sudden rise in blood pressure; It can lead to fatal consequences such as heart attack, stroke and kidney failure. Hypertension can affect both young and old people. There is a close relationship between blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. The higher the blood pressure, the higher the risk of developing a heart attack, heart failure, stroke, eye and kidney diseases.
The word cancer as diseases that affect many people in Turkey; It means bad objects that occur when cells in an organ or tissue divide and multiply irregularly. In general, cancer is a group of diseases caused by uncontrolled cell proliferation in different parts of our body. There are more than 100 known cancers. The most dangerous of these are lung and colon cancer. Hundreds and even thousands of people die of cancer each year.
6. Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease is a disease that is characterized by a long-term progressive loss of kidney function over many years. Kidneys are vital organs for the body. Kidney failure occurs when the kidney is unable to function and when there is a serious loss of function. This poses problems that change the functioning of the whole body.
7. Heart disease
There can be many disorders in the cardiovascular system. The best known of these are; coronary artery disease, arrhythmia and heart failure. This disease, 3 of which is very dangerous, can trigger other diseases. People who use processes such as angio and bypass and use heart medication should be very careful. Heart disease is one of the most life-threatening chronic diseases.
8. ALS (Lou Gehrig’s Disease)
ALS is one of the rare diseases and is actually a muscle disease. ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) is a medical term that describes muscle wasting and spinal cord damage. ALS, a disease that occurs around the world, is known as Lou Gehrig, the famous baseball player in America, and Motoneuron Disease (MND) in England. ALS patients lose all of their vital activities without losing their sense of sight, hearing, hearing, smell and touch. Over time, the muscles weaken and you lose.
9. Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias
Alzheimer’s, a very common disease, is a neurological condition. This disease develops in the form of memory loss, dementia (dementia) and decreased cognitive functions in general due to the death of brain cells over time. People with the disease have beta amyloid plaques in the brain. The disease, which initially started with slight forgetfulness, gradually worsens over time, causing the person to forget important motor activities.
Obesity is one of the most common diseases that affect many people today. Obesity in general, depending on body size, increases body weight above the desired level when the body’s fat mass increases excessively to muscle mass. This condition can be temporarily treated through diet or gastric surgery. However, the person’s inability to prevent eating can lead to obesity again. It also triggers many chronic illnesses such as obesity, diabetes, heart failure and high blood pressure.
11. Arthritis (rheumatism)
Arthritis, also called rheumatism, is an inflammatory disease that occurs in the joints. Arthritis can affect different parts of the body. The most common are ankles, knees, wrists, etc. It manifests itself in inflammation of the joints. There are many types of arthritis; rheumatic arthritis, traumatic arthritis, osteoarthritis (joint arthritis), gouty arthritis and bacterial arthritis.
12. Cystic fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disorder that affects the mucous and sweat glands in the airways, digestive and reproductive systems from birth. Cystic fibrosis significantly affects the function of many organs. Under these; Lungs, pancreas, liver, intestines, sinuses and genitals. In people with cystic fibrosis, the mucus thickens in the body and becomes sticky. This makes breathing difficult. On the other hand, in people with cystic fibrosis; Nutritional disorders, constipation, low blood pressure, diabetes and infertility can also occur. Cystic fibrosis is one of the risky chronic diseases.
13. Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD) syndrome
This disease, known as complex pain syndrome, pain that is caused by an injury or a sudden heart attack in the hands or feet. The problem with the syndrome is not limited to pain; A vasomotor dysfunction occurs, which is characterized by swelling, discoloration and stiffness of the joint.
14. Osteoporosis (osteoporosis)
Bones have a structure that consists of collagen fiber-bound minerals and mainly calcium salts. However, with age this structure weakens and loses its strength. However, osteoporosis, meaning osteoporosis, means that the bones change into a more fragile structure due to the excessive decrease in bone density. With this disease, cavities form inside the bones and their density decreases. As a result, they tend to break and tear.